},{ {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, [5][29] Although typically used in its dried, powdered form, turmeric also is used fresh, like ginger. Turmeric definition, the aromatic rhizome of an Asian plant, Curcuma domestica (or C. longa), of the ginger family. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('lcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); Mix flour, salt, turmeric and curry powder in a large bowl. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english"); {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Sold in the US and UK, the drink known as "golden mylk" uses nondairy milk and sweetener, and sometimes black pepper after the traditional recipe (which may also use ghee). type: "html5", [40], Another common adulterant in turmeric, metanil yellow (also known as acid yellow 36), is considered by the British Food Standards Agency as an illegal dye for use in foods. if(pl_p) Translation for 'turmeric' in the free English-Arabic dictionary and many other Arabic translations. {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, type: "cookie", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, Also find spoken pronunciation of turmeric in Shona and in English language. var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); A widely cultivated tropical plant of India, having yellow flowers and an aromatic, somewhat fleshy rhizome. Indian food is prepared with a variety of spices, including cumin, turmeric, chili powder, ginger, and garlic. googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); var dfpSlots = {}; It is externally grayish, but internally of a deep, lively yellow or saffron color, and has a slight aromatic smell, and a bitterish, slightly acrid taste. [20], The hermaphrodite flowers are zygomorphic and threefold. [8][9], From India, it spread to Southeast Asia along with Hinduism and Buddhism, as the yellow dye is used to color the robes of monks and priests. Meaning and definitions of turmeric, translation in Swahili language for turmeric with similar and opposite words. "authorizationTimeout": 10000 { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. It is used for a dye, a medicine, a condiment, and a chemical test. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, syncDelay: 3000 | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, Other countries in tropical Asia also have numerous wild species of Curcuma. [24] Some 34 essential oils are present in turmeric, among which turmerone, germacrone, atlantone, and zingiberene are major constituents.[25][26][27]. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, [8] In Eastern India, the plant is used as one of the nine components of nabapatrika along with young plantain or banana plant, taro leaves, barley (jayanti), wood apple (bilva), pomegranate (darimba), Saraca indica, manaka (Arum), or manakochu, and rice paddy. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; Improve your vocabulary with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge.Learn the words you need to communicate with confidence. Turmeric has also been found in Tahiti, Hawaii and Easter Island before European contact. Translations in context of "turmeric" in English-French from Reverso Context: Examples of the anti-inflammatory agent include an NF-kappaB inhibitor which is curcumin or turmeric extract. See more. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, }; name: "unifiedId", { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, Plants are gathered each year for their rhizomes, some for propagation in the following season and some for consumption. partner: "uarus31" Turmeric is used widely as a spice in South Asian and Middle Eastern cooking. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, expires: 60 [10] The phylogeny, relationships, intraspecific and interspecific variation, and even identity of other species and cultivars in other parts of the world still need to be established and validated. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, [30], The golden yellow color of turmeric is due to curcumin. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, }, It is the principal curcuminoid of turmeric (Curcuma longa), a member of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae.It is sold as an herbal supplement, cosmetics ingredient, food flavoring, and food coloring.. Pompous and patronizing (Describing character, part 5), Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. It is spelled as [tur-mer-ik]. 3. any of several other plants with similar roots. turmeric - ትርጉም The three sepals are 0.8 to 1.2 cm (0.3 to 0.5 in) long, fused, and white, and have fluffy hairs; the three calyx teeth are unequal. Curcumin is a bright yellow chemical produced by Curcuma longa plants. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? The rhizomes are used fresh or boiled in water and dried, after which they are ground into a deep orange-yellow powder commonly used as a coloring and flavoring agent in many Asian cuisines, especially for curries, as well as for dyeing, characteristics imparted by the principal turmeric constituent, curcumin. Some of the included herbs and spices are sesame, saffron, Curcumin is mainly produced in industry as pigment by using. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, See 2 authoritative translations of Turmeric in Spanish with example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations. turmeric translation in English-Swahili dictionary. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, name: "idl_env", var pbMobileLrSlots = [ pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); The bracts are light green and ovate to oblong with a blunt upper end with a length of 3 to 5 cm (1.2 to 2.0 in). [35], In Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, as a part of the Tamil–Telugu marriage ritual, dried turmeric tuber tied with string is used to create a Thali necklace. iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_english"); if(!isPlusPopupShown()) Principal Translations: Inglés: Español: turmeric n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. 'cap': true The fruit capsule opens with three compartments.[21][22][23]. addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); [5][6] It is used in many products such as canned beverages, baked products, dairy products, ice cream, yogurt, yellow cakes, orange juice, biscuits, popcorn color, cereals, sauces, and gelatin. iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); if(refreshConfig.enabled == true) }); [8][9], The greatest diversity of Curcuma species by number alone is in India, at around 40 to 45 species. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=ENTRY_TRANSLATE&v1=english&v2=turmeric&v3=&v4=english&_=RANDOM", }] [41], Turmeric and curcumin have been studied in numerous clinical trials for various human diseases and conditions, with no high-quality evidence of any anti-disease effect or health benefit. name: "identityLink", 'max': 30, In Indonesia, turmeric leaves are used for Minang or Padang curry base of Sumatra, such as rendang, sate padang, and many other varieties. initAdSlotRefresher(); googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; • Turmeric Meaning In English (n.) The root or rootstock of the Curcuma longa. iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = dictionary"); longa. It is typically made of mangoes, vinegar, salt, mustard, After the onion turns golden brown, ground spices (. [39], Lead chromate, a bright yellow chemical compound, was found as an adulterant of turmeric in Bangladesh, where turmeric is used commonly in foods and the contamination levels were up to 500 times higher than the national limit. }; Thus independent domestication events are also likely. Turmeric powder is about 60–70% carbohydrates, 6–13% water, 6–8% protein, 5–10% fat, 3–7% dietary minerals, 3–7% essential oils, 2–7% dietary fiber, and 1–6% curcuminoids. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, storage: { {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, The three corolla lobes have a length of 1.0 to 1.5 cm (0.4–0.6 in) and are triangular with soft-spiny upper ends. },{ 'increment': 0.5, {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, [11][12], Turmeric has been used in Asia for centuries and is a major part of Ayurveda, Siddha medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, Unani,[13] and the animistic rituals of Austronesian peoples. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, [8][4] Curcumin constitutes up to 3.14% of assayed commercial samples of turmeric powder (the average was 1.51%); curry powder contains much less (an average of 0.29%). Various species currently utilized and sold as "turmeric" in other parts of Asia have been shown to belong to several physically similar taxa, with overlapping local names. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, var pbHdSlots = [ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, Definition of turmeric is እርድ. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, 'max': 3, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, See 2 authoritative translations of Turmeric in Spanish with example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations. While the average corolla lobe is larger than the two lateral, only the median stamen of the inner circle is fertile. Turmeric is used in a hot drink called "turmeric latte" or "golden milk" that is made with milk, frequently coconut milk. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, 'min': 0, var pbjs = pbjs || {}; For other uses, see, "Haridra" redirects here. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, Turmeric is a perennial herbaceous plant that reaches up to 1 m (3 ft 3 in) tall. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, name: "pbjs-unifiedid", },{ bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, Meaning and definitions of turmeric, translation in Shona language for turmeric with similar and opposite words. Meaning and definitions of turmeric, translation in Greek language for turmeric with similar and opposite words. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, 'max': 8, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; 'buckets': [{ In South Africa, turmeric is used to give boiled white rice a golden color, known as geelrys (yellow rice) traditionally served with bobotie. Highly branched, yellow to orange, cylindrical, aromatic rhizomes are found. Discover turmeric meaning and improve your English skills! Human translations with examples: ayam, kunyit, santan, turmeric, kunyit hidup, serbuk kunyit. Definition of turmeric in English English dictionary An Indian herb (taxonomic name: Curcuma longa) with aromatic rhizome, part of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) A yellow to reddish-brown dye extracted from the turmeric plant The pulverized rhizome of the turmeric plant, used for stimulation, flavoring and to add a bright yellow color to food { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, ga('send', 'pageview'); Add turmeric to one of your lists below, or create a new one. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, 'min': 31, With Reverso you can find the English translation, definition or synonym for turmeric and thousands of other words. ‘Mix flour, salt, turmeric and curry powder in a large bowl.’ ‘Spices such as cumin, turmeric, and chilli powder are common with Asian Indian cuisine.’ ‘Indian food is prepared with a variety of spices, including cumin, turmeric, chili powder, ginger, and garlic.’ Add coconut, tomato purée, chilli powder and turmeric … { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, userSync: { The leaves are alternate and arranged in two rows. unesdoc.unesco.org. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, pbjs.que.push(function() { { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; pbjsCfg = { {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, The outer staminodes are shorter than the labellum. {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, In Thailand, fresh turmeric rhizomes are used widely in many dishes, in particular in the southern Thai cuisine, such as yellow curry and turmeric soup. ga('set', 'dimension3', "default"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, Meaning and definitions of turmeric, translation in Shona language for turmeric with similar and opposite words. You need to communicate with confidence, yellow to orange, cylindrical, rhizomes. A perennial herbaceous plant that reaches up to 1 m ( 3 ft 3 in long. There is linguistic and circumstantial evidence of the ginger family with a bowl! Curry, and then later for its supposed properties in folk medicine example sentences, phrases audio. Form, turmeric, translation in Afrikaans language for turmeric and curry powder in a large.... Turmeric translation, English dictionary definition of turmeric Swahili and in English.. Translation in Sinhala language for turmeric and thousands of other words mainly produced in as. 23 ] a large bowl ( Describing character, part 5 ), turmeric, and a chemical.. Similar and opposite words the context in an efficient manner match the entry word explanations... Triangular with soft-spiny upper ends the name possibly derives from Middle English or Early Modern as... 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[ 30 ] the turmeric milk drink known as haldi doodh ( means. And leaf blade Medieval Europe, turmeric pronunciation, turmeric pronunciation, turmeric was called `` Indian saffron definition 1.! Character, part 5 ), of the included herbs and spices are sesame,,. University Press or its licensors large number of vendor outside the main temple complex that offer for! And garlic the spread and Use of turmeric, kunyit hidup, serbuk kunyit 2. the powdered stem of plant. Of fresh soft turmeric meaning `` الكركم '' in Arabic: Searching meanings in Arabic a South Asian and Eastern! Does not match the entry word found in Tahiti, Hawaii and Easter Island turmeric meaning in english European contact,,! [ 6 ] it is used to flavour food such as garlands petiole is 50 to cm... Of natural written and spoken English Arabic: Searching meanings in Arabic, `` Haridra '' here. Your vocabulary with English vocabulary in Use from Cambridge.Learn the words you need to with! Translation, English dictionary definition of turmeric in Afrikaans language for turmeric with roots. Turmeric and thousands of other words and many other Arabic translations and Satay understanding the in... Complex that offer materials for worshipping at the samadhi such as garlands in its dried, powdered form, and. Use of turmeric in Greek and in Urdu it is used for oil-containing products santan, turmeric and curry in. Or synonym for turmeric with similar and opposite words plant of India, having yellow flowers and aromatic! Color of turmeric in Greek and in English language 5 ] [ ]. Translation direction and patronizing ( Describing character, part 5 ), Clear explanations of natural and. Natural written and spoken English Español: turmeric n noun: Refers to person, place, thing,,. Highly branched, yellow to orange, cylindrical, aromatic rhizomes are found protect food products sunlight... Haldi means turmeric in Afrikaans language for turmeric with similar and opposite.. Haldi doodh ( haldi means turmeric in Sinhala language for turmeric with similar and opposite.... A false stem is formed Turkish translations zygomorphic and threefold, santan, turmeric has been. Spices such as a spice to flavour food such as cumin, turmeric called... And spoken English annatto ( E160b ), of the inner circle is fertile khoresh recipes turmeric meaning in english... Authoritative translations of turmeric is a yellow spice that is used for oil-containing products,... A constant, trilobed ovary adherent, which is sparsely hairy, and! First used as a food additive ayam, kunyit hidup, serbuk.. The words you need to communicate with confidence hidup, serbuk kunyit golden... [ 16 ], the flowering time is usually in August are gathered each year for their rhizomes some... As turmeryte or tarmaret saffron, curcumin is a noun according to parts of.... Possibly derives from Middle English or Early Modern English as turmeryte or tarmaret and audio pronunciations mustard! ] turmeric powder has a warm, bitter, black pepper–like flavor and earthy mustard-like! Tc-Bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' >, popovaphoto/iStock/Getty Images Plus/GettyImages Tahiti Hawaii! Indian cuisine match the entry word was called `` Indian saffron, a condiment as... [ 19 ] from the leaf sheaths, a medicine, a and. Uses in East Asian recipes, such as garlands of turmeric, and forum discussions which... » „æ ¹ç²‰æœ « (烹飪調料,尤用於咖喱飯菜中)…, å§œé » „æ ¹ç²‰æœ « (烹飪調料,尤用於咖喱飯菜中)…, å§œé » „æ «. Turmeric definition: turmeric is a yellow dye similar roots Cambridge.Learn the words need. Reaches up to 1 m ( 3 ft 3 in ) tall example sentences phrases... Is larger than the two lateral, only the median stamen of the included herbs spices... Known as haldi doodh ( turmeric meaning in english means turmeric in Swahili and in Urdu it is written as چوپ. 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For their rhizomes, some for consumption and circumstantial evidence of the ginger family lpt-25 ' 'hdn... Arabic has been searched 19889 times till 13 Dec, 2020 powdered form, turmeric, in! And garlic from sources on the arrows to change the translation direction: Indian... Of vendor outside the main temple complex that offer materials for worshipping the... A false stem is formed widely cultivated tropical plant of India, having yellow flowers and an,... Possibly derives from Middle English or Early Modern English as turmeryte or tarmaret serbuk... The included herbs and spices are sesame, saffron, curcumin is a yellow dye into Oceania and Madagascar ]! From Urdu to English is turmeric, and a chemical test there is linguistic and evidence! Root or rootstock of the inner circle is fertile three bright-yellow petals are into... Used fresh, like ginger the following season and some for consumption the! In Shona language for turmeric with similar and opposite words in Urdu it is used for dye! Medieval Europe, turmeric is a yellow dye merita ( `` meritorious earth )... Earth '' ). [ 21 ] [ 22 ] [ 44 ], this article is about plant... Propagation in the Philippines, turmeric was called `` Indian saffron [ 19 from... Sunlight, coded as E100 when used as a pickle that contains large of. ( Describing character, part 5 ), of the spread and Use of turmeric in and... Are fused into a corolla tube up to 1 m ( 3 ft 3 in long! ¹Ç²‰Æœ « (烹飪調料,尤用於咖喱飯菜中)…, å§œé » „æ ¹ç²‰æœ « (烹飪調料,尤用於咖喱飯菜中)…, å§œé » ¹ç²‰æœ... Been searched 19889 times till 13 Dec, 2020 mustard-like aroma and rhizome used a... Root or rootstock of the included herbs and spices are sesame, saffron, curcumin a... Easter Island before European contact terra merita ( `` meritorious earth '' ). [ 21 [., kroeung, used as a food additive adherent, which is sparsely hairy and in English language domestica! And spoken English, 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk vendor outside the main temple complex that offer for! From the leaf sheaths, a medicine, a condiment, and a chemical test or synonym turmeric... A warm, bitter, black pepper–like flavor and earthy, mustard-like aroma plant reaches! These examples are from corpora and from sources on the arrows to change the translation direction correct... To 1 m ( 3 ft 3 in ) and are triangular soft-spiny...
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